Brazilians over 18 years of age residing abroad must fulfill their electoral obligations (enlistment and voting, for example). These, however, are optional for those over 16 and under 18, for those over 70 and for the illiterate.

For those who have electoral domicile abroad (External Electoral Zone), voting is required only in elections for president and vice president of the Republic.

If you are out of your electoral domicile on election day or unable to attend the vote, you must justify your absence, through the e-Título system , through the Justifica System or by means of the Application for Electoral Justification (post-election), which must be addressed to the Judge of the Electoral Zone Abroad, to be handed over to the consular office or diplomatic mission or sent by mail (see Electoral Services Abroad/Electoral Justification Abroad).

Those who, although residing abroad, maintain their electoral domicile in a Brazilian municipality are still obliged to vote in all elections, and must therefore justify their absence from the polls while abroad through the e-Título system , through the Justifica System or by using the form Application for Electoral Justification (post-election), which must be addressed to the judge of the electoral zone in which they are registered in Brazil, to be delivered to the consular office or diplomatic mission or sent by mail (see Electoral services abroad/Electoral justification abroad).

Voters can justify absences from elections as often as necessary, but they must be aware of any possible review of the electorate in the municipality where they are registered. If they do not respond to the call of the Electoral Court for this purpose, their title may be cancelled.

Each unexcused absence generates a debt to the Electoral Court and, while the situation is not regularized, the voter will be subject to a series of restrictions (see consequences-for-those-who-don’t-justify), such as the impossibility of obtaining an acquittance certificate, even if the title is in a "regular" situation (the voter may be able to cast the vote, but not be regular with the Electoral Court).

Attention! The restriction provided for in art. 7, § 1, of the Electoral Code is not applicable to Brazilians residing abroad who require a new passport for identification and return to Brazil, as regulated by § 4 of the aforementioned article.

Once three consecutive unexcused absences are completed, the title will be canceled (each round is considered an election) and only regularized with the payment or waiver of fines and review or transfer.

Voting outside the national territory is organized by the Regional Electoral Court of the Federal District, with the support of the consulates or diplomatic missions in each country.

To create a polling station abroad, the Electoral Code requires the minimum number of 30 voters. Diplomatic missions or consular offices will communicate to voters voting abroad the time and place of voting.

The polling stations for the first and second rounds of voting will operate at the headquarters of the embassies, in consular offices or in places where there are services of the Brazilian government. Exceptionally, the Superior Electoral Court may authorize the opening of polling stations outside these locations.

Only voters whose name appears in the polling list of the electoral section will be allowed to vote.

In electoral years, electoral services (registration, transfer, and review - updating of personal data and/or address/change of electoral domicile) may only be required up to 151 days before the election date, as at the end of this period the register will be closed.

If, during this period, there is a need to prove the regularity of the electoral status, the voter who has an electoral address abroad may contact the Electoral Zone Abroad (linked to the Regional Electoral Court of the Federal District) and for the voter with an electoral address in a Brazilian municipality, the electoral zone in which the voter is registered (address available on the page of the Regional Electoral Court of the respective Federation Unit) can clarify any doubts.

Voters who need to prove acquittance with the Electoral Court may issue, via the Internet, the Electoral Acquittance Certificate, provided that their registration is regular and that there are no pending issues related to the exercise of the vote or justification of any absences from elections and the provision electoral services, when called upon, or even regarding the rendering of accounts for the electoral campaign or fines imposed on a permanent basis and not paid.

Foreign Electoral Zone (ZZ): supports Brazilian voters who have electoral domicile abroad and Brazilians residing abroad who intend to enlist or transfer their registrations to other countries:

Address: SHIS Qi 13 Lt i - Lago Sul – ZIP Code 71.635-181


Voter Call Center (Monday to Friday (weekdays), from 12 pm to 7 pm):

Call Center/Customer Service: (+55) (61) 3048-4000, (+55) (61) 99674-5453, (+55) (61) 99674-5446, (+55) (61) 99262-1743 or (+ 55) (61) 99164-7161.

The Brazilian Electoral Justice operates abroad with the important assistance of Brazilian diplomatic representations.

Electoral services (electoral registration, transfer, for example) are carried out at embassies and consular representations headquartered in several countries and can be initiated by the Título Net Exterior, which is the data entry tool in the electoral application.

For the addresses of Brazilian diplomatic representations abroad:

Brazil representation abroad